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Fear of Intimacy: Understanding Why People Fear Intimacy

What is Fear of Intimacy?
What is Fear of Intimacy?

Fear of intimacy is an often subconscious fear of closeness that frequently affects people’s personal relationships. This fear of physical and/or emotional intimacy tends to show up in people’s closest and most meaningful relationships.

Where Does This Fear of Intimacy Come From?
Where Does This Fear of Intimacy Come From?

While there are times when we are aware of actually being apprehensive and distrusting of love, we are more likely to identify these fears as concern over potentially negative outcomes: rejection, the deterioration of a relationship or feelings of affection that aren’t returned. However, our fear of intimacy is often triggered by positive emotions even more than negative ones. In fact, being chosen by someone we truly care for and experiencing their loving feelings can often arouse deep-seated fears of intimacy and make it difficult to maintain a close relationship.

Why Do Positive Feelings Trigger a Fear of Intimacy?
Why Do Positive Feelings Trigger a Fear of Intimacy?

It may be surprising to learn that the real resistance to intimacy often doesn’t come from the acts of our partners, but from a lurking enemy within us.

The problem is that the positive way a lover sees us often conflicts with the negative ways we view ourselves. Sadly, we hold on to our negative self-attitudes and are resistant to being seen differently. Because it is difficult for us to allow the reality of being loved to affect our basic image of ourselves, we often build up a resistance to love.

Where Do These Negative Attitudes Come From?
Where Do These Negative Attitudes Come From?

These negative core beliefs are based on deep-seated feelings that we developed in early childhood of being essentially bad, unlovable or deficient. While these attitudes may be painful or unpleasant, at the same time they are familiar to us, and we are used to them lingering in our subconscious. As adults, we mistakenly assume that these beliefs are fundamental and therefore impossible to correct.

How Does Fear of Intimacy Affect Us?
How Does Fear of Intimacy Affect Us?

We don’t intentionally reject love to preserve a familiar identity. Instead, during times of closeness and intimacy, we react with behaviors that create tension in the relationship and push our loved one away.

Here are some common ways people distance themselves emotionally as a result of a fear of intimacy:

  • Withholding affection
  • Reacting indifferently or adversely to affection or positive acknowledgement
  • Becoming paranoid or suspicious of a partner
  • Losing interest in sexuality
  • Being overly critical of a partner
  • Feeling guarded or resistant to being vulnerable
How to Overcome a Fear of Intimacy?
How to Overcome a Fear of Intimacy?

In order to overcome our fear of intimacy, we must challenge our negative attitudes toward ourselves and not push our loved ones away. It is possible to challenge our core resistance to love. We can confront our negative self-image and grow our tolerance for a loving relationship.

We can overcome our fears of intimacy and enjoy more loving and more intimate relationships.

Ways to Improve Your Relationship
Ways to Improve Your Relationship

Relationships expert, Dr. Lisa Firestone explains some simple ways to improve your relationship.

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Love  is not only hard to find, but strange as it may seem, it can be even more difficult to accept and tolerate.  Most of us say that we want to find a loving partner, but many of us have deep-seated fears of intimacy that make it difficult to be in a close relationship. The experience of real love often threatens our self-defenses and raises our anxiety as we become vulnerable and open ourselves up to another person. This leads to a fear of intimacy. Falling in love not only brings excitement and fulfillment; it also creates anxiety and fears of rejection and potential loss. For this reason many people shy away from loving relationships.

Fear of intimacy begins to develop early in life. As kids, when we experience rejection and/or emotional pain, we often shut down. We learn not to rely on others as a coping mechanism. We may even begin to rely on fantasy gratification rather actual interactions with other people; unlike people, fantasies cannot hurt us. Overtime, we may prefer these fantasy over actual personal interactions and real positive acknowledgment or affection. After being hurt in our earliest relationships, we fear being hurt again. We are reluctant to take another chance on being loved.

If we felt unseen or misunderstood as children, we may have a hard time believing that someone could really love and value us. The negative feelings we developed toward ourselves in our early years, became a deeply embedded part of who we think we are. Therefore, when someone is loving and reacts positively toward us, we experience a conflict within ourselves. We don’t know whether to believe this new person’s kind and loving point of view of us or our old, familiar sense of our identity. So, we often react with suspicion and distrust when someone loves us, because our fear of intimacy has been aroused.


Our capacity to accept love and enjoy loving relationships can also be negatively affected by existential issues.  When we feel loved and admired, we start to place more value on ourselves and begin to appreciate life more. This can lead us to feel more pain about the thought of death. We fear both the loss of our loved one and of ourselves, and in the process many of us unconsciously pull back from our relationships. Fear of death tends to increase the fear of intimacy.

Even though the fear of intimacy is a largely unconscious process, we can still observe how it effects our behavior. When we push our partner away emotionally or retreat from their affection, we are acting on this fear of intimacy. Holding back the positive qualities that our partner finds most desirable is another way we act on this fear. We often try to make ourselves less lovable, so we don’t have to be as afraid of being loved. These distancing behaviors may reduce our anxiety about being too close to someone, but they come at a great cost. Acting on our fears preserves our negative self-image and keeps us from experiencing the great pleasure and joy that love can bring.

However, we can overcome fear of intimacy. We can develop ourselves to stop being afraid of love and let someone in. We can recognize the behaviors that are driven by our fear of intimacy and challenge these defensive reactions that preclude love. We can remain vulnerable in our love relationship by resisting retreating into a fantasy of love or engaging in distancing and withholding behaviors. We can maintain our integrity, learn to “sweat through” the anxiety of being close without pulling away, and gradually increase our tolerance for being loved.  By taking the actions necessary to challenge our fear of intimacy, we can expand our capacity for both giving and accepting love.

Read More Articles About the Fear of Intimacy


  1. You know so many interesting infomation. You might be very wise. I like such people. Don’t top writing.

  2. This is the best article that I’ve read on the subject and I have read a few. It is certainly the most helpful. Thank you for using a movie that I loved (and never really knew why until now) to illustrate your point. Thank you.

  3. wow, this is really a good article, will definitely go watch this movie again. Do keep writing!

  4. I wonder what film the comments are about… The article above (Understanding fear of intimacy) doesn’t mention any!
    I guess the original article was removed, but they left the comments :-(

    • PsychAlive

      Yes, the article originally referenced the way fear of intimacy was demonstrated in the movie ‘As Good as It Gets.’

  5. Someone needs to say something about articles like this, which expresses a conventional wisdom that is practically Disney-esque in its reassuring simplicity – and cluelessness. After years of struggling with – and fleeing or sabotaging – relationships, I did what you recommend, and it’s not so simple and rosy: in fact, it was a bad move. It was such a bad move that I can warmly recommend that avoidants should do the opposite of what you suggest, and learn to be alone until such time as those fears have subsided naturally (if they ever do). Fear of intimacy may be based in intuition about oneself: ignoring it and pressing forward may be a terribly bad idea. In my case it led to a growing dependence on my partner that can only be described as an addiction: I have become engulfed, precisely what I now realize I feared. I don’t especially enjoy the relationship, but thoughts of it ending create intolerable distress and panic. I have gradually given up my own goals, which do not fit my partner’s, and have sunk into a kind of depression, which has made it even harder to dig myself out. My partner, a wonderful person, is mostly unaware of what’s going on, because I am afraid to tell her and “rock the boat”. The situation is distressing, painful, and embarrassing (go ahead, tell friends and family that you have lost yourself, are miserable, and need rescuing from a relationship with someone they all believe is the best thing that ever happened to you).
    Avoidants may act like they do because they know themselves better than they think: like someone who avoids alcohol out of a subconscious awareness of a tendency to addiction, they absolutely should NOT be encouraged to ignore their concerns. A “normal” person may be equipped to handle the siren song of a relationship (or alcohol), but the avoidant may be an avoidant precisely because (s)he is not.

    • Well…..Here’s a song I wrote and sang about Pushing Someone Away….. **sigh**


      And Hang in there Thomas, I feel for you with your post….Whatever you do, you’ve gotta get your Goals back, as I am sure they were once very important to you. Peace :)

    • Dear Thomas,
      I may be wrong but I feel your raw wounds behind your sarcasm. Yeah adressing the fear of intimacy in just an article may seem disneyesque I agree. However, I also think it’s a good start and it can give us some clues where to start. Being avoidant is not a paradox of being dependent. Both are attempts to jugulate love relationships. You are right again, distancing was indeed your defense against losing yourself in a relationship. I think what we have to work on is find the right distance in a relationship. We have to admit we want to love and be loved. Keeping away from love will just starve that part of us craving for it.
      Good luck in your path to love,
      And most of all your path to self love
      Just Me

    • Hi Thomas, I feel like you just wrote my life story. OMG! It does feel worse to ignore your instincts and push on. It feels cruel and as if you are not honoring yourself. Instead you are running over yourself with a bulldozer. It weakens your spirit and just makes you a worse partner for the person you are coupled with. Pair your low self-esteem with new doubts as to who you are and if you are indeed a strong person and then….., let the dysfunctional codependent relationship begin!!!
      As for the reply from Just Me, I agree, learning the right balance so one does not lose themselves in a relationship is the key. But if one is not whole on their own, then what are they bringing to their partner? Why force it when a healthy step back and reflection may be in order for the intimate-fearing person?

    • Thomas,
      You just said everything that’s going on with me as well. Yeah, he’s the best thing that happened to me. That’s all I hear. I, too, have that fear of ending the relationship. I’m so trapped. Though I do love him, he is not for me. I’m just wasting time.

      • I hear you. I felt the same way in a relationship I finally ended in typically dramatic, painful fashion. What’s worse, I wasted his time. He was devastated when I ended the relationship as he thought (as I’d led him to believe) that everything was fine. Now I have to live with the guilt and shame because I hurt a lovely man that absolutely did not deserve it…I tried but I just couldn’t…

    • So I’m finding myself on the receiving end of this exact situation – we have been dating for 4 months and reached a point where she has told me she is filled with anxiety and scared of an intimate relationship with me. The chemicals have worn off, the curtain is pulled back and we see each other for our authentic selves. Her fear stems from low self esteem and deeming herself not worthy/ready to give me the kind of relationship she thinks I deserve. She has been in therapy for years and has a high degree of emotional intelligence and knows herself. So she’s been very honest and direct with me that she is prepared to walk away to work on herself if her anxiety can’t drop to a manageable level.
      So the conundrum is complex: we “get” each other and have a tremendous amount of chemistry and compatability. We love each other and there is a good connection, so the ingredients of a good relationship are there as well. She has said she would
      Like to try to work through this innthe context of our relationship but there are no guarantees and Inhave to be okay with slowing things down and her pulling back, which is perfectly valid. I have my own anxious/attachment demons to battle so pulling back is okay by me. Do you cash in your chips and honor the experience or stick with it with lowered expectations and see where it goes?

  6. I suffer from this problem and have no idea what to do. Will it go naturally? IV decided to go to therapy to help my self esteem because apparently it’s a big cause of fear of intimacy. Also does this problem lead to one falling for much younger girls because they are subconsciously unavailable? Help would be greatly appreciated

  7. I have been married for 42 yrs. My husband & I both have issues but I’ve worked on mine over the years but husband refuses to see that he too has issues. Don’t know what to do – feel like I’m no more than a maid. He avoids any kind of touch and when he does I feel violated not loved. I don’t want to be touched by someone who thinks he is doing me a favor? I’ve been advised to leave but it is so so hard too!

  8. I’ve been sabotaging my relationships without knowing what’s wrong with me. Lately I’ve come to understand that I’m really scared of letting people come close to me and I see myself acting differently in different situations in the relationship than I actually act. On paper my life is really good so it’s hard to explain people that taking the risk and making the leap are not so easy for me when I’m crippled with fear inside and intimacy is really hard for me. “Just go for it” doesn’t really help. In meaningful relationships i push people away and make all the excuses why i don’t like them and why it wouldn’t work. Then after I start blaiming myself for hurting the other person and go get them back. And this repeats. I’m 25 and in a way I feel lucky that I understand that I’m not crazy, but this is something that I can work for. I go to therapy because I want to be able to enjoy life and not become my mother who was never emotionally there for me. I don’t think it goes away by itself. Some people can learn to live with it and some can work on it by themselves, but for me therapy at the moment is the way to go. I haven’t found the tools to help myself so I need help from an outsider. And yes it is a lot to do with self esteem. When others say that you’re are beautiful or smart and you see yourself the opposite, it’s really hard to believe that they love as the way you are.

  9. For a lot of reasons I do feel related myself into the contents of this article. For some reason I am constantly sabotaging any sort of relationship (specially romantic ones). Although I have people that I talk to, I simply can’t make them come closer to me and feel more intimate , I always fear what will happen next and expect some bad ending to any sort of relationship. I feel a lot the fear of loss, and that is pushing me away from any sort of true relationship. In my teenager years, I was known for being the guy that was better left alone, someone that simply you wouldn’t waste your time with. The few people that decided to stick with me, later on I found out that they were not even friends, they were opportunists that expected me to grant them something that they alone couldn’t attain (most of them was about marks and studying matters, since I always was someone who hadn’t difficulties with this subject). After that, colleague is when everything went to worse: people just turned their backs to me only because I didn’t fit in their “normal” behavior or ways of having “fun”. Since then, my personality became a lot more distant and most of the time I just wanted to be alone and try to enjoy myself as much as possible (although I ended up crying on my own sometimes for some reasonable amount of time, but I would wind up those feelings some time after, even if they came back after some time, which could be weeks or even months). After I graduated, I then noticed something very weird: I was maybe being “stubborn” about myself and something was truly missing, even without knowing what it was. After some self reflection about it (which was almost an year) I came to realize that what I was missing was a true relationship, being with someone you could be yourself without trouble and having the other person being herself without reservation, having mutual affection to each other. After I realized that, I tried to engage with some women I knew, but the point here is, I “tried”. When I though about it, felt a lot restless and my brain instantly sounded the alarm I should “stay away” from that sort of thing because I actually felt something “weird” about it. And this is when I stumbled upon this article and cleared up the matter for me. You maybe thinking this is just another rambling from an idiot that doesn’t even know how to live his live, but if you read my rambling this far I thank you, stranger, for your precious time to read all of this.
    And one more thing, I am thankful for the author to come up with this article!

  10. I can’t really personally relate to this issue but my best friend seems to be the one going though it. I met her online years ago and while we were far apart, we had a tremendous friendship. She opened up to me easily and I did the same. We talked constantly and she always gave me the things I needed in a friendship (love, compassion, care, time, affection, etc). About a year ago, I moved to her town. We had discussed how exciting it was and how amazing we thought it’d be to experience life physically together. But, once I got here, EVERYTHING changed. She became distant and was more worried about talking to and spending time with people who weren’t physically here. She neglected me and my needs and anytime I brought up the issue, she brushed it off and blamed it on her having a tough time adjusting from being alone to being with someone day in and out. I trusted her. But for a year, we had problems that only got worse and worse. She hid things that she never hid before. Lied to me about important things in her life. And just kept me in the dark for months on in. Eventually, I got tired and so did she. We had a blow out and her anger was the only thing allowing her to express her true inner most feelings towards the situation. She told me that when I moved there, I got too close and her body reacted. I didn’t know what this meant exactly. But she later said that online, it is easy being there for someone emotionally. Physically, it’s way different and the pressure is too much. She explained how in person she never let’s anyone in and although she had never expected to push me away, after years of being close, she ended up doing it anyone pretty much subconsciously. At this point, we are both holding on so tightly to a friendship we don’t want to lose. She’s terrified of losing me but deep down feels like she can’t be the person that I need (the person she was online). I believe that she needs to face her fears and get past them somehow but she’s convinced that at this time, she can’t. What should I do? I want to stay friends and be there for her but she is basically asking me to be casual friends with her (like have fun but without an emotional attachment). And I feel that is asking a lot of me considering we’ve been best friends with an emotional attachment to one another for years already. And I feel it may be just too hard to change from that and I feel that she may be being kind of selfish asking me to cater to her fear and enable her. I love her so much. She is like family to me and I want to see her succeed. But how can I convince someone to try when they are already convinced they can’t change?

  11. After realizing that maybe I was the problem, I started researching what was “wrong” with me. When I found this article, I felt that I could relate, and suddenly everything became a little clearer. But discovering the reason for why I push people away, didn

  12. have you ever went 41 years without love and intimacy?do you have any concept to thar? if you did experience that much time passage,please explain how you felt.i will check back on you,r fallow up answear.one more,i lived this life,and i can tell if you are just acting out a fantasise or telling the truth.by for now.

  13. Very interesting read, but I do disagree with forcing yourself to be intimately close to someone when you are simply not ready to share yourself with another. With age it’s become harder and harder for me to connect (I am 28) when I am more set in my ways and a lot more selective about people that enter my life. It’s a contious decision, and I believe, a rational one. I am not fearful of being hurt, and fear is not a good word for me… Maybe I stuck in denial, but I simply don’t want to settle and waste my time when I feel complete and content with being by myself. I don’t suffer for any major insecurities and believe to have a healthy self-esteem and many suitors to chose from, I am unsuccessful in finding an emotionally mature partner and can look past my exterior and see that I have much more to offer and give. How can a person appreciate my other qualities when he is only focused on my looks alone?!

  14. I believe that some people were made to be in a relationship and others to be single. How do you know? you enjoy your own company. Society wants to couple people and those who can’t adjust have a problem. It is very sad to read about people who loss themselves in relationships and couples that are together merely because of routine. Both are very unhealthy for the individual as unhealthy as that person thinking they have a problem because they are unable to hold a relationship that has the potential to form a family. Everything in life is a learning process. It is healthy to be single and feel content about it. Don’t let society tell you that you are abnormal because you are not ready for an intimate relationship. It comes with time patient and professional help. By professional help I don’t mean a book that is talking in general points but someone who is able to directly address your unique situation. If deep down you feel content then let it be, you are not hurting anyone except for those waiting for you to have a partner more than you do for yourself.

  15. I had a great childhood my single mom taking care of her children. I had a strong family presence in my life. My mom finally dated someone after 9 years being single after my dad. The man had many faults. I still had a good childhood. I was a social outcast all of my school life but that didn’t matter because I had a pillar of a mom that stood strong! Then I turned 13 my life went wrong. My mom started doing drugs. My dad who hadn’t always been there become our new home. My strong family blanket gone! I had messed around with a boy before going to my dad’s house. I thought this is love right? It wasnt. he tried to pull moves on my twin. I couldn’t handle my school issues well and I started to believe the things people said. I even stood up for the hurt only to be judge for doing that. As I grew up I went to college to a school I didn’t want to go to. To a career I don’t think I really wanted. To a place I had to stay cause I couldn’t afford anything else. There I saw my mom with her boyfriend and there constant physical mental abuse. I ran from it by using games. They stolen from me lied to me and mentally confused me to the point of no return. I have never loved another person other than my twin. I have friends but they come and go cause that’s how life is. As I get older and older I pull away faster from people. My mom now finally clean for 6 months. Doesn’t understand why I dont date. She told me to play the field. I don’t want to … but I do.. I’m 28 years old and I’ve been self reflecting for 10 years. When will I be able to let go. I only have knowledge but I can’t seem to use it. I understand .. i know what I need to do and no matter how I try to talk myself in the end I’m always I’m always the same. I can’t figure it out. I being to hate me I wasn’t like this before .

  16. I am somewhat dubious regarding the prevalence of “fear of intimacy” as an affliction. I have no basis to dispute that it is real; simply overused. First, the conflation of intimacy with sex causes one to blame a partner’s diminishing interest in sex on FOI, even where it may be a natural evolution of a long-term relationship. Unfortunately, our innate narcissism causes us to blame another’s FOI rather than accept that there are genuine reasons for a change in feelings or desires. Second, the overuse of the term FOI reminds me of the juvenile taunts hurled in the schoolyard at a child who won’t pursue a reckless endeavor at the urging of peers (i.e., “You won’t do ________ because you’re afraid”). This technique is troublesome (and immature) because it allows one to project their own insecurity on a partner rather than entertain the possibility that he/she is expressing their genuine feelings. Just because someone doesn’t say what you want to hear doesn’t mean they suffer from FOI. Finally, it feels like professionals who author blogs use FOI as a panacea to explain all relationship problems. Use of vague terms like “fantasy bond” or “real substantial relationships” are highly subjective terms often used without context. Reality is that we must constantly challenge ourselves and ask if we are being honest about our feelings. Only after holding ourselves accountable can we question the myriad issues that arise in our relationships, of which FOI may or may not be a culprit.

  17. Thanks for the lovely article. I wasn’t aware that I was suffering from F.O.I….

  18. This is a good article and seems very much to describe me. I’ve been trying to figure out my root problems and have landed on FOI or fear of abandonment.

    Here’s the thing. I’m so good at avoidance that I’ve been in only one pseudo relationship (I went out with a guy I didn’t like for a while… because I didn’t like him and didn’t want to get too attached) but have an anxiety attack every time I’m around any guy I like who is a)available and/or b)interested and run like a Kenyan for an Olympic medal. I’ve tried to stop it, but I haven’t been able to get over the anxiety even with alcohol and determination. I can only imagine being the guy in that situation. The myriad of mixed emotions coming out as mixed messages as fear, interest, anger at myself, speculation, nausea and despair war inside of me.

    Most of the time I know myself to be pretty, intelligent, good, and industrious. But in those moments when I am attracted to someone I realize how ugly, fat, lazy, immoral and stupid I really am and wallow in my inferiority. It doesn’t matter that when I reflect on it, I know that the other person has faults too. I am egocentric in my failures and foibles.

    I cannot overpower the visceral emotion of unworthiness with the logical knowledge of my good worth (at the risk of sounding egotistical I am a good catch- average to pretty looks, well educated with a good job and generally sweet and loyal disposition)

    So how do I get over this? No one will ever get close to me. Do I want them to? Should I want them to get close?

  19. I litterelly think i just grew up a little. Here I am a tough Veteran who got back from deployment to meet a girl and start getting really close, i knew i had avoidant issues in the past but since i self medicated with prostitution that shouldnt be a problem anymore? … So this very caring young woman decides Im the real deal and am in it for the rifht reasons invites me into bed and i freeze, i dont say a word, next day we dont talk about it. 2months later she invites me over, pours some wine, we go on a walk, she calls me out on how she knows ive liked her for months, we get back and I can tell she is so frustrated at what shes doing wrong, she says again i knew you thought i was hot, yes i reply. I know you like me? Yes. Im sitting there like wtf dude? Theres no wall to climb, shes right there AND your upsetting her by not being intimate!! i say nothing. Im still trying to figure out what just happened. So the next day i send her a text about not wanting to see her anymore. Why did i hurt her?
    My mother left when i was 4. And she passed 2weeks before deployment. Im 27 now. And between all that time i was never nurtured by a female. Im going to look into this alot more becuase i think im just scared to get hurt again.

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