The Difference Between Emotional Hunger and Real Love

emotional hunger, fantasy bond, child rearing, parenting advice, psychalive

Emotional hunger is not love. It is a strong emotional need caused by deprivation in childhood. It is a primitive condition of pain and longing which people often act out in a desperate attempt to fill a void or emptiness. This emptiness is related to the pain of aloneness and separateness and can never realistically be fully satisfied in an adult relationship. Yet people refuse to bear their pain and to face the futility of gratifying these primitive needs and dependency. They deny the fact of their own ultimate death and do everything in their power to create an illusion that they are connected to other persons. This fantasy of belonging to another person allays the anxiety about death and gives people a sense of immortality. Hunger is a powerful emotion, which is both exploitive and destructive to others when it is acted out. People identify this feeling with love and mistakenly associate these longings with genuine affection. Nothing could be further from the truth.

Feelings of emotional hunger are deep and are like a dull but powerful aching in your insides. You may often find yourself reaching out and touching others or expressing affection and loving movements in order to attempt to kill off this aching sensation.

Because of the confusion between emotional hunger and love, both on the part of parents and outside observers, much innocent damage is perpetrated on children in the name of love. In my book, Compassionate Child Rearing, we noted that if parents are genuinely loving, and attuned they will have a nurturing effect on the child, which has a positive effect on his or her ongoing development. That child will tend to be securely attached, harmonious in his /her relationships, and tolerant of intimacy as an adult.

In contrast, contact with an emotionally hungry parent leaves a child impoverished, anxiously attached, and hurting. The more contact between this type of parent and the child, the more the parent is damaging to the child’s security and comfort. This style of relating–excessive touching, over-concern for the child or over-involvement in the child’s life–not only violates the child’s boundaries but also promotes withholding responses in the youngster. This can result in serious limitations in both the child’s later career and personal life, can threaten his or her sense of self and autonomy, and can be more destructive than more obvious abuses.

Parents who are emotionally hungry act compulsively in relation to their children in much the same manner as an addict. Their exaggerated attention and involvement have an ongoing negative impact on the child’s development. These parents often find it difficult to reduce the intensity of their contact even when they recognize that the contact is damaging.

Emotionally hungry parents are often overly protective of their children. They limit a child’s experience and ability to cope with life and instill an abnormal form of dependency. In being overly concerned with his or her physical health, they induce excessive fear reactions and tendencies toward hypochondria. Some overly protective parents may attempt to isolate their children from peers or other extra-familial influences that might have a negative impact. However, when carried to an extreme, such exclusion limits the child in his or her exposure to a variety of different attitudes and approaches to life, and is detrimental to a child’s trust in other people and ability to function in the world.

Many parents overstep the personal boundaries of their children in various ways: by inappropriately touching them, going through their belongings, reading their mail, and requiring them to perform for friends and relatives. This type of parental intrusiveness seriously limits children’s personal freedom and autonomy. Many mothers and fathers speak for their children, take over their productions as their own, brag excessively about their accomplishments, and attempt to live vicariously through them.

The difference between loving responses and those determined by emotional hunger can be distinguished by an objective observer, but it is difficult for parents themselves to make the distinction. Three factors are valuable in ascertaining the difference: (1) the internal feeling state of the parent, (2) the actual behavior of the parent in relating to the child, and (3) the observable effect of the parent’s emotional state and behavior on the child’s demeanor and behavior.

A parent who is capable of giving love typically has a positive self-image and maintains a sense of compassion for the child and for himself, yet remains separate and aware of the boundaries between them. Such a parent acts respectfully toward the child, and is not abusive or overprotective. The tone and style of communication is natural and easy and indicates a real understanding of the individuality of the child. The loved child actually looks loved. He or she is lively and displays independence appropriate to his or her age level. He or she is genuinely centered in himself or herself. The child subjected to emotional hunger is desperate, dependent, and either emotionally volatile or deadened. An onlooker can observe these important differential effects on children and can often trace them to the specific feeling states of the parent.

Although there are some exceptions, the concept of emotional hunger has not been sufficiently investigated in the psychological literature. Yet it is one of the principal factors negatively affecting child-rearing practices. The immaturity of many parents manifested as a powerful need to fulfill themselves through their children has serious negative consequences on a child’s development and subsequent adjustment. By recognizing important manifestations of this core conflict within themselves, many parents in the Compassionate Child-Rearing Parent Education Program have changed responses to their offspring that were based on incorrect assumptions, and have significantly improved the quality of their family relationships. Finally, from our studies of family interactions, we have begun to question the quality of the maternal-infant bond or attachment formed in the early hours and days of an infant’s life. As students of human behavior, we feel it is incumbent on us and on developmental psychologists to clarify the extent to which this bond or attachment may be based on emotional hunger and the needs of immature parents for an imagined connection to the child rather than on genuine concern and love for the child.

It is painful but bearable for people to experience these feelings of hunger and face their own emotional needs. Unfortunately, most individuals choose to deny or avoid this pain as they did when they were young. They seek outlets or choose courses of action that help them deny their pain or kill off the sensations of aloneness. They create fantasies of connecting themselves to others and imagine that they belong to each other. When these fantasy bonds are formed, real love goes down the drain. [see my earlier blog: December 5, 2008 ]. The emotions of love and respect for others disappear as we become possessive and controlling and as we make use of one another as a narcotic to kill off sensations of hunger and pain.

A fantasy bond can become a death pact in which the individuals narcotize each other to kill off pain and genuine feeling. Often it serves as a license to act out destructive behavior because the individuals belong to each other and have implicitly agreed that their relationship will last forever. The myth of the family love and regard for the individuals that comprise it is a shared conspiracy to deny the aloneness and pain of its members. It is a concerted refusal to acknowledge the facts of life, death and separateness and live with integrity.

About the Author

Robert Firestone, Ph.D Robert W. Firestone, Ph.D. is a clinical psychologist, author, theorist and artist. He is the Consulting Theorist for The Glendon Association. He is author of numerous books including Voice Therapy, Challenging the Fantasy Bond, Compassionate Child-Rearing, Fear of Intimacy, Conquer Your Critical Inner Voice, Beyond Death Anxiety The Ethics of Interpersonal RelationshipsSelf Under Siege, and recently his collection of stories Overcoming the Destructive Inner Voice.  His studies on negative thought processes and their associated affect have led to the development of Voice Therapy, an advanced therapeutic methodology to uncover and contend with aspects of self-destructive and self-limiting behaviors. Firestone has applied his concepts to empirical research and to developing the Firestone Assessment of Self-destructive Thoughts (FAST), a scale that assesses suicide potential. This work led to the publication of Suicide and the Inner Voice: Risk Assessment, Treatment and Case Management. He has published more than 30 professional articles and chapters for edited volumes, and produced 35 video documentaries. His art can be viewed on You can learn more about Dr. Firestone by visiting

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Excellent article! Thank you for posting it. I will keep it nearby for my clients, parents as well as those in romantic relationships that display these behaviors with their partners.


Thank you, Dr. Firestone for posting this interesting article. Very comprehensive even for non-professionals. I will recommend it to parents and friends.

Sara Imelda McGuinness

I have found your article to be very informative and helpful.
I can see how difficult it is to separate out genuine love when emotional hunger is the driving force , for a parents actions with their child .

I can see when this is happening the child has an enormous emotional lioad, both hers and her parents .
Thank you
S McGuinness

P s please disregard and dump my previous comments ..appallingly typos !


A very good article about something that I have not heard discussed until I stumbled upon it! It explains what I’ve been feeling, why I have co-dependency behaviors and my attachment style. I reflect back on how I was raised by my grandmother on my moms side, how she was always worried and over protective, touching me all the time, how I felt my mother could not show me love…even now, she has a hard time to even give me a hug. I only wish there was more on how to resolve this now that I’ve been “abused” as such. Thank you for at least putting a word on what I felt and suffered with for so long.


Wow. This has been an eye-opener for me. My husband’s mother is clearly emotionally hungry, his father was (he has somewhat improved) very verbally, emotionally and psychologically abusive. My husband also displays Narcissistic behaviour like his father, although not as bad (at the moment, who knows what the future holds) which is making our marriage extremely draining, and leaves me feeling exhausted, used, unloved, manipulated and overworked. My husband also constantly needs to be told how much I love him and that I’ll never leave him. We’ve been married under 3 years, and have no children, but I’ve caught myself feeling so sad and wishing, no yearning, that I had a child who I could love and who would love me unconditionally… which is exactly what my mother-in-law must have felt when she had my husband at almost 40 when his brother and sister were almost out of school. Longing for the unconditional love of a child made me realise that there is a very serious problem here, and I don’t want to end up like my mother-in-law over-loving my children to make up for my unsympathetic husband, and having to protect my children from him all the time. I don’t want my children to make up for the love my husband should provide; I don’t want to end up emotionally hungry too. I don’t know what to do.


I do accept as true with all the concepts you have introduced on your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for starters. May just you please prolong them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.


While I’m neither a parent nor have ever been in any relationship (I’m 28), this article has hit home hard. Yes, I do feel a hunger. Often enough I tried quenching it with food (which unsurprisingly never worked) since, hey, it’s hunger. In the dating world, I only ever got rejection. I felt unworthy, felt the need to earn friendship and eventually love, which I both failed at, which means I’ve also barely ever made friends.
A psychologist (who failed to see that I was severely depressed) came to the conclusion “can’t tell the difference between friend and colleague”.
I’m curious as to where my life in solitude will take me.

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