VIDEO: Dr. James Garbarino Talks About the Secret Life of Teenagers and the Lack of Parental Awareness
Watch an exerpt from PsychAlive’s exclusive interview with Dr. James Garbarino.
Dr. James Garbarino talks about a study that reveals how secretive some teenagers can be about themselves.
Dr. James Garbarino: In that Secret Life of Teenagers study, we did find that with males also, there were things that parents didn’t know about. But, in general, as I recall, the levels of parents not knowing were generally lower than they were for girls, in the sense that for example, “Did you realize you were gay?” 60% of the males said their parents didn’t know. 90% of the girls said their parents didn’t know. “Are you afraid of people at school?” The boys, you know, I think it was higher among the girls not knowing.
So there were a lot of secret life of kids going on in both genders. That’s very clear. And one of the ones I remember was, “Were you arrested?” And something like 15% of the boys said they were arrested and something like 65% said their parents never knew. Which is astounding, in a way. But there’s testimony to this.
This study began because of Dylan Kleibold, one of the school shooters in Columbine and the Columbine school shooting. And when we interviewed his parents, it was really striking that they didn’t know a lot about Dylan, but it really wasn’t because they had their heads in the sand. It was much more that he was so effective at creating this false persona that he represented to the parents and he was really a genius at it.
And it wasn’t just his parents. You know, he and Eric Harris were caught stealing something from a truck and they were put in a diversion program. So they saw a probation officer for months and at the end he gave them both A+ and wrote, “ … these are good boys who just did a stupid thing.” During that same period was when they were buying their guns and building their bombs and planning their attack. And they completely fooled that guy. And he’s a professional. When I’ve talked about this Secret Life of Teenagers study, often someone will come up afterwards and tell a story like this.
A guy once said to me: You know what you said about the secret life of teenagers? Two months ago, I went to the state capital and the governor handed me drug counselor of the year award. And four weeks ago, I found out that my son’s been on heroin for six months.
Even professional training isn’t an absolute protection against this because kids are so good and because of the nature of the parent / child relationship, it’s very hard to embrace certain possibilities. It’s easier as a professional, easier as a teacher, because you don’t have the same emotional investment. But it can be very, very difficult to do.
And there’s certainly a lot of studies with young children. Steve Ceci’s work for example, that makes it very clear that most adults, even professionals, cannot reliably tell which children are lying and which ones aren’t. And he has video tapes that he shows, and you know, “OK. Here’s two kids. Which one is lying?” And nobody reliably gets it right.
The only difference is that the cops are really sure that they’re getting it right. So their confidence is way off the charts. But their validity is no better than anybody else’s, which is one reason why there are a lot of people falsely in prison for crimes, some of them, you know, we’ve gotten to meet over the years.Tags: communication with children, parenting, parenting advice, teenagers, teens